Asal- Usul Tarian Seni Kuda Lumping

Asal- Usul Tarian Seni Kuda Lumping atau yang disebut kuda kepang belum diketahui dengan pasti. Tapi, kebanyakan yang meyakini Kuda Lumping berasal dari dukungan rakyat jelata terhadap pasukan berkuda Pangeran Diponegoro dalam menghadapi Belanda. Dalam versi lain juga dijelaskan bahwa Kuda Lumping menggambarkan kisah perjuangan Raden Patah yang dibantu oleh Sunan Kalijaga melawan Belanda.

Disisi lain ditemukan lagi dalam versi berbeda yang menyebutkan bahwa tarian Kuda Lumping mengisahkan tentang latihan perang pasukan Mataram yang dipimpin Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, Raja Mataram, untuk menghadapi pasukan Belanda. Dari ketiga versi tersebut, belum dapat dikatakan dengan pasti kisah mana yang menjadi asal-usul Kuda Lumping ini. Akan tetapi, diperkirakan tarian Kuda Lumping sudah ada sejak jaman kerajaan kuno atau masa pra-Hindu karena masih diwarnai dengan kepercayaan animisme.

Asal- Usul Tarian Seni Kuda Lumping

Seni Kuda Lumping populer di kalangan rakyat daerah Jawa Timur, diantaranya Ponorogo, Blitar, Malang, Tulung Agung, dan masih banyak lagi . Dan umumnya, tari Kuda Lumping ditampilkan pada acara-acara khusus seperti penyambutan tamu kehormatan dan juga syukuran. Namun, seiring berjalannya waktu, tarian Kuda Lumping juga dikaitkan dengan hal-hal magis.
 
Hal tersebut karena sebelum tarian Kuda Lumping ditampilkan akan ada dua orang pawang sebagai pemimpin spiritual yang tugasnya  mempertahankan cuaca agar tidak hujan. Pawang dalam Kuda Lumping disebut Warok. Mereka akan mengenakan baju serba hitam bergaris merah dengan kumis tebal. Lalu, pawang yang satunya akan bertugas menjaga lingkungan dari gangguan ghaib, memulihkan penari yang kesurupan, dan mengendalikan makhluk halus yang merasuki pemain.
 

Berdasarkan cerita, kesurupan yang dialami oleh para pemain Kuda Lumping ini memang disengaja karena bekerja sama dengan jin. Maksut dan tujuanya ialah untuk menjadi hiburan atau tontonan. Para Pemain Kuda Lumping yang mengalami kesurupan akan memulai atraksi dengan memakan beling, makan bara api, berjalan di atas pecahan beling dan bara api, disayat pisau, seta banyak atraksi lainnya. Anehnya, para pemain Kuda Lumping yang kesurupan ini tidak akan merasakan sakit atau cedera.

Tari Kuda Lumping ini menghadirkan empat fragmen tarian, yaitu dua kali tari Buto Lawas, tari Senterewe, dan tari Begon Putri. Pada tari Buto Lawas umumnya akan ditarikan oleh kaum pria saja terdiri dari empat sampai enam orang penari. Beberapa penari akan menunggangi kuda kepang yaitu anyaman bambu dan menari sambil mengikuti alunan gamelan. Nah di saat inilah para penari Buto Lawas akan mulai mengalami kerasukan. Dalam keadaan tidak sadar, mereka akan terus menari sambil melakukan atraksi-atraksi dibawah yang tidak biasa, memakan kaca, makan bara api, dan lain-lain.
 
Untuk mengembalikan kesadaran mereka, maka para warok akan memberikan pengobatan sehingga kesadaran para penonton akan pulih seperti sedia kala. Pada fragmen selanjutnya, para penari pria dan wanita akan bergabung membawakan tari Senterewe. Kemudian, pada fragmen terakhir, enam orang wanita akan membawakan tari Begon Putri, yang merupakan tarian penutup dari seluruh rangkaian tarian Kuda Lumping. Tari Kuda Lumping bermakna sebagai lambang kekuatan, kegagahan, kegigihan, serta aspek-aspek militer lainnya dalam peperangan. Kuda adalah simbol kekuatan fisik. Hal ini terlihat dari gerakan-gerakan rtimis, dinamis, dan agresif, melalui kibasan anyaman bambu seperti layaknya seekor kuda di tengah peperangan.
Sumber: Kompas.com

1,120 Comments

  1. La surveillance des téléphones portables est un moyen très efficace de vous aider à surveiller l’activité des téléphones portables de vos enfants ou de vos employés.

  2. Good day! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  3. Reduced to two-digit number 49 which is divisible by 7 i.e 49 = 7 × 7 Reduced to two-digit number 49 which is divisible by 7 i.e 49 = 7 × 7 Let’s face it, learning math can be boring. But grid-based math games are different – they’re actually fun! This means your child will be more engaged and more likely to retain what they’re learning. There are 6 marbles in a box with numbers from 1 to 6 marked on each of them. A career as a securities broker is filled with excitement and plenty of responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. These types of brokers explain to their clients the complex details related to the securities or the stock market. Choosing to become a securities broker is a good career choice especially due to the liberalization as well as economic growth. There are several companies and organizations in India which hire a securities broker. If you are also thinking of making a career in this field then continue reading the article, it will answer all your questions related to the field. 
    https://www.rlgaming.com/viewtopic.php?t=10801
    Log in to access rating features Do you have any questions? tvtropes.org pmwiki pmwiki.php VideoGame HauntTheHouse In Haunted House, players take on the role of Lyn Graves, the niece of renowned treasure hunter Zachary Graves. When Lyn learns of her uncle’s disappearance, she and her friends head to his mansion to investigate, but before long, Lyn’s friends are also swept into the shadows. Players will navigate shifting walls, unpredictable enemy encounters, and all manner of ookie-spookie frights to guide Lyn back to her friends and put an end to the eerie ectoplasms that have infested the mansion. Should Lyn succumb to a sinister spirit, she’ll find herself back at the entrance of the haunted house, facing a completely new floor layout and rearranged enemies, guaranteeing a unique experience with each attempt.

  4. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your weblog. You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an e-mail if interested. Regards!

  5. Excellent blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  6. What you posted was actually very reasonable. But, think on this, what if
    you composed a catchier post title? I ain’t saying your content isn’t good, however
    suppose you added something to possibly get people’s attention? I mean Asal- Usul Tarian Seni Kuda Lumping
    – enbigi.com is a little plain. You ought to peek
    at Yahoo’s front page and note how they write post headlines to get viewers
    to open the links. You might try adding a video
    or a pic or two to grab people interested about everything’ve got to say.
    Just my opinion, it would bring your blog a little bit more
    interesting.

    Look at my webpage ::

  7. I have not checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  8. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  9. Thanks so much for giving everyone a very splendid opportunity to check tips from this web site. It’s always very pleasing and also packed with a great time for me and my office acquaintances to search your web site more than thrice weekly to learn the latest things you have. And definitely, I’m actually contented with all the effective hints served by you. Certain 3 tips in this post are certainly the most beneficial I have ever had.